After the armed sectarian rebellion started in Syria, the first political body was formed under the name Syrian National Council (SNC), which represented the opposition in exile and Turkey. The Syrian intellectual Burhan Ghalioun was elected as the SNC’s president and delivered a speech addressed the Syrian people saying, “The great Syrian people”, reminding the 1950’s era and their its statements. However, Mr. Ghalioun’s SNC adopted the militarization of the uprising, without having any influence on the rebels who defected from the Syrian army and dozens of thieves and criminals joined them and ignited an asymmetric war with the Syrian army. As a result, their main goal has become looting houses, blocking roads, kidnapping women, imposing royalties on citizens and displacing them on many pretexts, most of which were sectarian and nationalistic as with the Alawite sect in Homs and the Kurds in northern Aleppo. Despite the almost international recognition of the SNC as an inclusive and democratic framework for the Syrians, Muslim Brotherhood and its armed formations have had the actual control of it, where many military formations gathered under the name Revolution Shields Board. After that, it allied with Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS – al-Nusra Front) and formed the National Front for Liberation, whose members, as was rumored at that time, were estimated at 300,000 fighters. Thus, it has started working as planned by the Turkish intelligence and controlled the political and military decision of the Syrian opposition.
After the failure of the SNC and the emergence of dozens of armed factions affiliated with many parties, the “opponents” decided to form what was called the “National Coalition for Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces”, which pledged to work to bring down the Assad regime completely and refused dialogue or negotiation, but it also adopted militarism and supporting the rebellious sectarian factions, without also being able to direct or control their actions inside Syria. Politically, despite the international recognition, the coalition was unable to truly represent the political opposition or decide its strategy on the ground or taking fateful decisions on important issues such as war and peace due to its lack of a popular and organizational base inside Syria. Instead of leading the armed movement, it affiliated with groups of mercenaries, bandits and thieves such as al-Amshat, al-Hamzat and Jund al-Sham, in addition to the mercenaries formed by Turkish intelligence, which are mostly controlled by the Turkmens such as Sultan Murad, Sultan Suleiman Shah and other factions that held the names of Erdogan’s ancestors.
This coalition was not able to achieve any cohesion or influence the actions of the armed sectarian rebel factions. On the contrary, the Muslim Brotherhood gained full legitimacy among the factions, which in turn began to move according to the plans of the Turkish state that encouraged looting and theft especially in Aleppo, where factories, railways and high-voltage electricity wires were dismantled and transferred to Turkey, and the so-called coalition stood idly by, especially after many international parties abandoned its support after it became just a political and military body implementing the Turkish occupation’s plans. In order to legitimize these mercenary groups, Turkey ordered the formation of a military body under the name the Syrian National Army (SNA), and its first “achievements” with the Turkish occupation army were the occupation of the Kurdish region of Afrin and the displacement of its people, then the occupation of Sere Kaniye (Ras al-Ain) and Gire Spi (Tel Abyad), and its annexation to the Turkish national project in occupying northern Syria, Mosul and Kirkuk.
After the expansion of the Muslim Brotherhood inside the coalition and the so-called SNA, the armed groups began to increase as obtaining financial support began to open the appetites of hundreds of thieves of all nationalities on Syrian soil including ISIS mercenaries who settled in Turkey where it was a safe haven for them along with the Turkish-occupied areas such as al-Bab, Jarablus, Afrin, Sere Kaniye (Ras al-Ain) and Gire Spi (Tel Abyad). Hence, the extremist Islamic groups and the Muslim Brotherhood, through their military arms, began to gain the legitimacy of existence on the ground, with declared or undeclared alliances with the HTS. “There are hundreds of small groups spread all over the Aleppo area, and the Free Syrian Army has turned into unorganized rebel groups with large numbers of criminals infiltrated, and the rebels’ violations are a daily and private natural phenomenon against civilians, including looting public and private factories, warehouses, houses and cars,” the US Department of State reported on January 2013.
Recently, after a series of financial scandals, thefts and accusations leveled against some members of the coalition, such as working for the regime in Damascus, the coalition hastened to pump blood into its collapsing body, especially after many calls from international parties for the participation of the Kurds, represented in the Syria Democratic Council (SDC), in international negotiations on the fate of the Syrian regime, because it was found that the Kurdish National Council in Syria (ENKS), affiliated with the coalition, are merely names. Therefore, to restore its image, the coalition, under direct directions from the Turkish intelligence, took a proactive step through separating many members that were no longer popularly or internationally accepted to strengthen the positions of the Turkmen groups supported by Turkey. As a result, many personalities withdrew from the coalition objecting the amendments took place to the extent that the Muslim Brotherhood called the coalition the “Assyrian-Turkmen-Kurdish Coalition”.
Thus, what has happened is a Turkish intelligence plot to strengthen its position through Turkmen figures such as Abdurrahman Mustafa, who is Turkmen and member of the Turkish Nationalist Movement Party headed by Devlet Bahçeli, as the upcoming elections will not be easy for the Turkish regime, and the coalition card will not remain the trump card in the hands of the President of the Turkish regime after the resolution of the Russian-Ukrainian war.