Analyses

Syrian regime and opposition’s policy towards Autonomous Administration areas

Ten years after the conflict between the Syrian regime and the opposition represented by the Muslim Brotherhood over power and country’s wealth, which resulted in the killing of more than 600,000 people, according to the latest statistics of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), and the massive destruction of infrastructure, the displacement of millions of citizens and the suffering of those remained from sharp poverty, both the regime and the opposition are still clinging their tyrannical and exclusionary mentality towards the communities of the Syrian society, especially those who are outside their authority. To float themselves again and to show themselves as a refuge to save the people from their misery, the two parties are working to create an imaginary enemy for the people as a policy to distract the masses from their failure, corruption and crimes. So that, they find in the Autonomous Administration a suitable target to achieve their goals, especially with regard to issues arising from their administrative errors and relative inability to secure the primary services to all their areas as a result of the unstable reality experienced by the residents of the area.

Therefore, the Syrian regime is working to exploit those who are dissatisfied with the administrations’ mistakes to create a security and political climate that provides it with the ability to restore its control over the region and to end the current Autonomous Administration. Therefore, it works to adopt a derogatory discourse directed at the population in both the Administration’s areas and the areas under its control, in which it accuses the Administration, especially its military institution of being the direct responsible for the bread and fuel crises, and to yield to the Caesar Act along with stirring up the extremist nationalist and religious sentiment.

It seems that the Syrian regime has another goal of this policy which is to incite the disgruntled against the Autonomous Administration to commit violent acts to reach the stage of launching operations against military, civil and service sites, with the support of the sleeper cells of the Syrian regime in the area under the pretext of securing food, fuel and services, i.e. fighting those who are behind starving the citizens and cutting off fuel for them, as they claim, while the head of the regime and his entourage of oligarchs and intruders live a good life, knowing that Autonomous Administration still allows the passage of fuel and grain to citizens in the regime-controlled areas.

In turn, the Syrian opposition coalition and its Turkish-backed militias are working with a pragmatic mentality to continuously make false accusations against the Autonomous Administration, to participate the Turkish occupation state in its aggression on the safe northern areas, to support the demographic change and cultural genocide in the occupied areas, to organize conferences for some tribal figures loyal to it, to incite them against the Administration, in an attempt to create hatred between the Arabs and Kurds, to incite the clans to withdraw their sons from the ranks of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and end their service, in addition to work to transform peaceful popular protests into demonstrations of violence against service institutions and internal security forces through their sleeper cells and media outlets, as the Muslim Brotherhood Coalition seeks to tear the social pact between the communities of the region which would destroy the Autonomous Administration and, at the same time, distract the masses in the areas under its control from their tyranny and corruption.

By monitoring the demonstrations that have recently emerged, it seems that the two sides are able, through sleeper cells, to influence the protests that appear as a natural response to some ill-considered decisions by the Autonomous Administration, and to shift these protests and demonstrations away from their peaceful path in order to target the internal security institutions and the SDF. This would cause a deep rift between the local communities and the institutions of the Autonomous Administration, and thus weakening the societal resistance against the forces trying to strike the stability and occupy the region. In order to win over the Arab tribes and urge them to commit violent acts against the local security, military and service institutions, the two sides work to organize meetings for them to serve their mentioned agendas. The two sides are taking other means to support their plans, by cutting off water from cities and villages, committing assassinations, bombings, planting explosive devices, imposing siege, and others.

It is noted that these acts are coordinated and aim at preventing the emergence of sustainable political, military and economic stability in the areas of the Autonomous Administration, especially after repeated visits by Western delegations to the region which showed their admiration and tacit acceptance of the political project of it. Therefore, the region may be exposed to military attacks, aggravating the economic situation and creating social divisions intensified by both sides in light of the presence of factors prepared on the ground. It is useful to carry out a transparent and intensive media campaign to inform citizens in the Syrian geography with the policies that are being practiced against them and to communicate with human rights and relief institutions, both local and international, to inform them of the conditions that the region suffers from.